The water flowing from the reservoir or dam is made to pass through this pipe with high pressure. Generating units speed and system frequency may be adjusted by the governor. The turbine spins continuously, as long as there is water to drive it. of water sites and power needs, and its simplicity and low cost, make it very suitable for small power development. The water is taken from the stream and moved down slope to the turbine through a long pipe called a penstock. The turbine is connected to an electrical generator, Draft Tube Cone Runner Lower Cover Upper Cover Turbine Shaft Spiral Casing Governing Ring Guide ... – Parts that are exposed for water • Stainless steel –13C 4r Ni –16C 5r Ni – Other parts • HSMA (High Strength Micro Alloy) • Heat treatment steel. The efficiency of . The Pelton wheel extracts energy from the impulse of moving water, as opposed to water's dead weight like the traditional overshot water wheel.Many earlier variations of impulse turbines existed, but they were less efficient than Pelton's design. Create Your Own Hydro Power. What is a water turbine? A typical water turbine 1. For information from DECC please click here. HYDRO-TURBINE GOVERNING SYSTEM (Reviewed by Dr. R. Thapar) 6.1 Introduction Governing system or governor is the main controller of the hydraulic turbine. Two basic categories of machines are the rotary type and the reciprocating type. Reciprocating motors are quite common in power … of a turbine. If you have a significant water flow on your property you may be able to generate power from it with one of our wide range of impulse and reaction turbines. Since the power supplied is hydraulic, and the probable loss is between the striking jet and vane it is rightly called hydraulic efficiency. A Pelton wheel is an impulse-type water turbine invented by American inventor Lester Allan Pelton in the 1870s. The turbine can rotate at high or low speed depending on how it is set. P = Power (watt) ρ = Water density (kg/m3) C k = Power coefficient A = Turbine area ( m2) V = Velocity of water (m/s) 2.1 Conversion and Operation When considering the possible use of a water cur-rent turbine on river applications, several issues are of concern with regards to the power production per-formance. The blades of the turbines are circularly placed, which means the water striking the blades of the turbine should flow in the circular axis for efficient striking. The turbine itself provides power … Also known as Hydro Turbine, this is basically a machine that is designed to produce a rotary turning action at a specified speed. HYDRAULIC TURBINE CLASSIFICATION AND SELECTION 3.1 Introduction (Reaction Turbines) The hydraulic turbine is a mechanical device that converts the potential energy contained in an elevated body of water (a river or reservoir) into rotational mechanical energy. Well, that is the general definition of […] Kaplan turbine Spiral Casing Runner Guide Vanes Stay Vanes Draft Tube Cone. This, along with its adaptability to a variety . is the Water Power (i i) Mechanical Efficiency: ( m) It is the ratio of the power available at the shaft to the power developed by the runner of a turbine. Francis turbine is widely used world operates under the head over. is the Runner Power and W.P. It varying from 30 to 500 m. the single unit may develop power as high as 750 A "significant flow" can be anything from a small stream with a large drop to a large, slow-flowing body of water. optimum power output from the available water source. 2.6 Theory of Francis water turbines . the . A water turbine is a device for converting water (fluid) power into shaft (mechanical) power. Water ﬂ owing through the penstock picks up speed, and is directed at the blades of the turbine by nozzles. If R.P. The governor varies the water flow through the turbine to control its speed or power output. A pump is a device for converting shaft power into water power. Michell turbine is 80 percent or great-er.